- 28 Mar, 2017
- Skin disorder Solutions
Skin cancer is a malignant growth on the skin; this makes most skin cancers detectable in the early stages. There are several types of skin cancer. The most common are basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer. Skin cancer is more common in people with light colored skin who have spent a lot of time in the sunlight. Skin cancer can occur anywhere on the body, but it is most common in places that have been exposed to more sunlight, such as the face, neck, hands, and arms.
Types of Skin Cancer
Basal Cell Carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer. It’s also the least dangerous kind. It tends to grow slowly, and rarely spreads beyond its original site. Though basal cell carcinoma is seldom life-threatening, if left untreated it can grow deep beneath the skin and into the underlying tissue and bone, causing serious damage particularly if it’s located near the eye.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma is the next most common kind of skin cancer, frequently appearing on the lips, face, or ears. It sometimes spreads to distant sites, including lymph nodes and internal organs. Squamous cell carcinoma can become life threatening if it’s not treated.
Malignant Melanoma is the least common, but its incidence is increasing rapidly. Malignant melanoma is also the most dangerous type of skin cancer. If discovered early enough, it can be completely cured.
Moles: There are two kinds of moles: normal moles - the small brown blemishes, growths, or "beauty marks" that appear in the first few decades of life in almost everyone - and atypical moles. Regardless of type, the more moles you have, the greater the risk for melanoma.
ABCD’s, of Skin Cancer
Early detection is the safest way to a cure.
Develop a regular routine to inspect your body for any skin changes. If any growth, mole, sore or skin discoloration appears suddenly or begins to change, see your skin specialist. Skin cancers can be treated if detected early.
Asymmetry can be assessed by comparing one half of the growth to the other half to determine if the halves are equal in size. Unequal or asymmetric moles are suspicious.
If the mole’s border is irregular, notched, scalloped, or indistinct, it is more likely to be cancerous (or precancerous) and is thus suspicious.
Variation of color (e.g., more than one color or shade) within a mole is a suspicious finding. Different shades of browns, blues, reds, whites, and blacks are all concerning.
Any mole that has a diameter larger than a pencil’s eraser in size (>6mm) should be considered suspicious.